Enrol Devices to Autopilot (Unattended)

I have been working on a project at the company I work for, and up to this point we have been primarily focused on getting new devices imported and deploying via Autopilot.

Now we have successfully leaped over that hurdle with very little issues (apart from the odd TPM attestation issue here and there and the ESP Profile page been skipped), we moved onto focusing on our current estate and how to import these into Autopilot .

There is a couple of ways to do this, you could run this in a package, as an application, as a script or in a task sequence for when you decide to re-build the machines.

Now the choice is yours on which method will suit your organization the best.

The Script

Now on GitHub

Now, lets talk about the script itself. When I started out on this path I used Michael Niehaus’ Get-WindowsAutoPilotInfo script, even before this had the -online parameter. I was also hoping to leverage the same script for importing devices into Autopilot silently.

There was however a couple of stumbling blocks for me not doing so, the first been the Connect-MSGraph would not connect using the ClientID and Secret from the Azure App Registration and kept prompting for credentials. The second being it downloaded other PowerShell Modules. This was an issue for us as firstly it added a further time delay to the script and secondly one of our security product blocked it during this process.

I had also recently started leveraging the Microsoft Graph API and decided to find a way to do this without additional the modules while achieving the same outcome. And the following is the outcome.

I have recently updated the script (28/08/2020) to include the use of Group Tags, but also to add the -Hash parameter. The hash parameter allows you to use any device has to register it with your tenant, for example if you had a folder with a set of .csv files containing the device hash’s you could do a recursive import of all of these.

If you want to export a device hash to a CSV file to test this use the following command which will create the CSV.

You can either copy and paste the hash or import the CSV into PowerShell and reference it that way.

Get-CimInstance -Namespace root/cimv2/mdm/dmmap -Class MDM_DevDetail_Ext01 -Filter "InstanceID='Ext' AND ParentID='./DevDetail'" | Export-CSV "C:\$($ENV:ComputerName)_HardwareInformation.csv" -NoTypeInformation
.AUTHOR David Brook
.TAGS Autopilot; Intune; Mobile Device Management
Version 2.0: Added the ability to make the script accept command line arguments for just the Hash and also allow Group Tags
Version 1.0: Original published version.
This script will import devices to Microsoft Intune Autopilot using the device's hardware hash.  
This script will import devices to Microsoft Intune Autopilot using the device's hardware hash with the added capability of been able to add a Group Tag.
The Version of the MS Graph API to use
Default: Beta
e.g: 1.0
The MS Graph API Host
Default: graph.microsoft.com
This is the Azure AD App Registration Client ID
.PARAMETER ClientSecret
This is the Azure AD App Registration Client Secret
Your Azure Tenant ID
This parameter is to be used if you want to import a specific hash from either a file or copying and pasting from an application. 
This Parameter is to be used if you want to Tag your devices with a specific group tag. 
.\Enroll_to_Autopliot_Unattended.ps1 -ClientID "<Your Client ID>" -Client Secret "<YourClientSecret>" -TenantID "<YourTenantID>"
This will enroll the device it is running on to Autopilot, Please note this will need to be done as an administrator
.\Enroll_to_Autopliot_Unattended.ps1 -ClientID "<Your Client ID>" -Client Secret "<YourClientSecret>" -TenantID "<YourTenantID>" -GroupTag "Sales Device"
This will enroll the device it is running on to Autopilot with a Group Tag of Sales Device, Please note this will need to be done as an administrator
.\Enroll_to_Autopliot_Unattended.ps1 -ClientID "<Your Client ID>" -Client Secret "<YourClientSecret>" -TenantID "<YourTenantID>" -Hash "<A Hash>"
This will enroll the inputed deivce Hash to Autopilot, this can be done against a group of CSV files etc. 
    [Parameter(DontShow = $true)]
    $MsGraphVersion = "beta",
    [Parameter(DontShow = $true)]
    $MsGraphHost = "graph.microsoft.com",
    #The AzureAD ClientID (Application ID) of your registered AzureAD App
    $ClientID = "<YourClientID>",
    #The Client Secret for your AzureAD App
    $ClientSecret = "<YourSecret>",
    #Your Azure Tenent ID
    $TenantId = "<YourTenant>",

    #Create the body of the Authentication of the request for the OAuth Token
    $Body = @{client_id=$ClientID;client_secret=$ClientSecret;grant_type="client_credentials";scope="https://$MSGraphHost/.default";}
    #Get the OAuth Token 
    $OAuthReq = Invoke-RestMethod -Method Post -Uri "https://login.microsoftonline.com/$TenantId/oauth2/v2.0/token" -Body $Body
    #Set your access token as a variable
    $global:AccessToken = $OAuthReq.access_token
    if(!$Hash) {
        $session = New-CimSession
        # Get the common properties.
        Write-Verbose "Checking $comp"
        $serial = (Get-CimInstance -CimSession $session -Class Win32_BIOS).SerialNumber
        # Get the hash (if available)
        $devDetail = (Get-CimInstance -CimSession $session -Namespace root/cimv2/mdm/dmmap -Class MDM_DevDetail_Ext01 -Filter "InstanceID='Ext' AND ParentID='./DevDetail'")
        if ($devDetail)
            $hash = $devDetail.DeviceHardwareData
            $hash = ""
        Remove-CimSession $session
    if(!($GroupTag)) {
        $PostData = @{
            'hardwareIdentifier' = "$hash"
        } | ConvertTo-Json
    } else {
        $PostData = @{
            'hardwareIdentifier' = "$hash"
            'groupTag' = "$GroupTag"
        } | ConvertTo-Json

    $Post =  Invoke-RestMethod -Method POST -Uri "https://$MSGraphHost/$MsGraphVersion/devicemanagement/importedWindowsAutopilotDeviceIdentities" -Headers @{Authorization = "Bearer $AccessToken"; 'Content-Type' = 'application/json'} -Body $PostData
    DO {
        Write-Host "Waiting for device import"
        Start-Sleep 10
    UNTIL ((Invoke-RestMethod -Method Get -Uri "https://$MsGraphHost/$MsGraphVersion/Devicemanagement/importedwindowsautopilotdeviceidentities/$($Post.ID)" -Headers @{Authorization = "Bearer $AccessToken"} | Select-Object -ExpandProperty State) -NOTmatch "unknown")
    Invoke-RestMethod -Method Get -Uri "https://$MsGraphHost/$MsGraphVersion/Devicemanagement/importedwindowsautopilotdeviceidentities/$($Post.ID)" -Headers @{Authorization = "Bearer $AccessToken"} | Select-Object -ExpandProperty State

The Pre-Reqs

To make the script work you will need an Azure App Registration with the DeviceManagementServiceConfig.ReadWrite.All Application permission for the Microsoft Graph API.

If your not sure how to create an Azure AD App Registration head over to one of my other posts by clicking HERE, Don’t forget to store your Client ID and Secret securely and also have it to hand for the rest of the post :D.

Executing the Script

As mentioned before there are numerous ways you can run this script, however I will demonstrate 2 different ways to do so, I will just mention though that if you do use this as an Application you will need to amend the script to add some form of check file or registry key.

Script in MEMCM

This is the best option if you want to do it manually on a case by case basis (i.e. Right click on the computer object and select run script).

Jump into the Script section in MEMCM (Software Library > Scripts) and click Create Script from the ribbon.

Give the script a Name, select the language as PowerShell and then copy and paste the script above (Tip: In the top right corner of the script block you can click Copy Script Text).

Click Next, This is where you need the details we noted earlier. MEMCM is great at pulling through the Param block parameters, all we need to do is amend the ClientID, ClientSecret and TenantId arguments as below. When finished click Next review the settings and then click next and then close.

Don’t forget to Approve your Script

Now choose your victim… erm I mean client computer from Assets and Compliance > Devices. Right click on the object and select Run Script, Select the script object you created and review the details and then let the script run :D. This can take about 2/5 minutes, as it keeps a loop going until the device is imported. When the script finishes if you look at the script out put you will see the following;

If you notice the last output shows the import status of the device.

In a Task Sequence in MEMCM

I wont go into how to create the entire Task Sequence for a device rebuild however I will explain how you can use the script to import the device into Autopilot during a Task Sequence weather it be a new one or a current one.

Head over to Software Library > Operating System > Task Sequences so we can get started.

I will be using a current Task Sequence for this Demo. There may be a future post on how to create a Task Sequence to re-build your device to a standard OS with Drivers and Import it to Autopilot.

My existing Task Sequence looks like this;

This is a very basic TS which just boots to Win PE, Installs windows and loads driver packs for VMware Virtual Machines (Only a test TS).

I no longer want to have to re-build the device and then import it to Autopilot Manually so instead we add the script to the top of the TS as follows.

  • Click Add > General > Run Powershell Script
  • Enter a Name and Description for the script
  • Select Enter a PowerShell Script
  • Click Add Script
  • Copy the Script above and paste it into the window and click OK
  • In the Parameters box enter
    • -ClientID "" -ClientSecret "" -TenantId ""
  • Select Bypass under the PowerShell Execution Policy drop-down

Your window should then look like this;

Hit Apply and then OK and give it a whirl on your machine (well not yours… always be sure to test it first :P)

When it runs you will see the following appear (depending on your Task Sequence);

The device will then be enrolled into Autopilot;

When the device then reboots after my task sequence I am presented with the expected Autopilot Enrolment window.

To Conclude

So I have shown two ways of using the script to enroll to Autopilot Unattended, now there is nothing preventing you running this from the command line with the same parameters however if you wanted to do it that way I would definitely look at Michael Niehaus’ Get-WindowsAutopilotInfo script (See the opening few paragraphs with the links to these) as this does not require an App Registration.

I did fully test these methods at the time of writing the blog but if you come across any information you think may be wrong then please leave a comment or e-mail me on [email protected].

I hope this is useful for your needs.

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